Risk management is the process of identifying, evaluating and controlling threats to an organization's capital and profits. These risks come from a variety of sources, including financial uncertainties, legal liabilities, technological problems, strategic management errors, accidents, and natural disasters. In the financial world, risk management is the process of identifying, analyzing, and accepting or mitigating uncertainty in investment decisions. Basically, risk management occurs when an investor or fund manager analyzes and attempts to quantify the possible losses of an investment, such as a moral hazard, and then takes appropriate measures (or inaction) depending on the investment objectives and risk tolerance of the fund.
Learn how a Governance, Risk and Compliance (GRC) framework helps an organization align its information technology with business objectives, while managing risk and meeting regulatory compliance requirements. Investment managers who follow an active strategy assume other risks to achieve higher returns than the market. At the broadest level, risk management is a system of people, processes and technology that allows an organization to set objectives in line with values and risks. Manage risks stemming from changing market conditions, evolving regulations, or complicated operations, while increasing effectiveness and efficiency.
Drawing the line that best fits through the data points allows us to quantify passive risk (beta) and active risk (alpha). A fund manager who uses a passive management strategy may try to increase the return of the portfolio by assuming greater market risk (that is, an insufficient contingency is most likely due to an optimistic estimate, bad luck, or inefficient risk management). The project risk management process reflects the dynamic nature of project work, as it captures and manages emerging risks and reflects new knowledge in existing risk analysis. Inadequate risk management can have serious consequences for businesses, people and the economy.
Once all the risk distribution, transfer and reduction measures have been implemented, part of the risk will remain, since it is practically impossible to eliminate all risks (except through risk prevention). The price difference between passive and active strategies (or beta risk and alpha risk, respectively) encourages many investors to try to separate these risks (for example, the risk assessment compares the magnitude of each risk and classifies them according to their importance and consequences). Risk analysis and management is a process that allows us to proactively understand and manage individual risk events and general risk, optimizing success by minimizing threats and maximizing opportunities and results. A project team could implement risk mitigation strategies to identify, monitor and evaluate the risks and consequences inherent to the completion of a specific project, such as the creation of new products.
The process begins with an initial consideration of risk prevention and then moves on to three additional ways to address risk (transfer, spread and reduction). If unexpected economic developments cause energy stocks to fall sharply, it is likely that the manager will perform lower than the reference index, an example of alpha risk.